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The impact of sleep duration,dietary intake and physical activity on elementary school students:Shanghai Children's Health,Education and Lifestyle Evaluation (the SCHEDULE study)

Jing Zhang  YunTing Zhang  YanRui Jiang  WanQi Sun  Qi Zhu  Patrick Ip  DongLan Zhang  ShiJian Liu  Chang Chen  Jie Chen  Lei Zhang  Hao Zhang  MingYu Tang  WenFang Dong  YuFeng Wu  
【摘要】:Objective:In 2014,we performed the Shanghai Children' s Health,Education and Lifestyle Evaluation(the SCHEDULE study).This cross-sectional survey investigated the relationships of age,parent education,sleep duration,physical activity,and dietary habits with overweight or obese in children from Shanghai Methods:The survey gathered information from children in grades one through five(age 6 to 10 years) among26 elementary schools in 7 districts.Activity level was evaluated using the International Children' s Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire(CLASS-C).The definitions of normal(BMI24 kg/m2),overweight(BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2),and obese(BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2) were adjusted for each age Results:Logistic regression analysis indicated that age,being male,having ≤ 10 hours of sleep on rest days,eating ≥ 1 vegetable per day,or drinking ≥ 1 sugar-sweetened drink per day increased the risk for overweight or obese compared with having 10 hours of sleep or ≤ 3 vegetables or ≤ 3 sugar-sweetened drinks per month(P≤ 0.008).Having 2 hours of outdoor activities on rest day reduced the risk of being overweight or obese compared with ≤ 2 hours of outdoor activities on rest day o(P0.001).Shorter duration of sleep(≤ 10 hours) on school days was associated with duration of physical activity per week,≤ 2 hours of outdoor activity.Greater sleep duration(10 hours) on school days was associated with ≤ 2 hours of doing homework.Conclusions:The study found that age,gender,sleep,and some dietary habits impacted weight.

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