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The regulation of positive emotion: real modulation or pretending performance?

FengHua Li  Na Hu  Antao Chen  
【摘要】:Although numerous studies have devoted to the investigation of cognitive regulation of emotion, the essential features of positive emotion regulation is still not clear. To address this question, we recruited college student volunteers from the Internet to investigate the mechanism of positive emotional regulation by measuring the subjective experience of valence and arousal, physiological change of zygomatic electromyography(z EMG) and blood oxygen level dependent(BOLD) response in three emotion regulation experiments. The volunteers were instructed to increase, maintain or decrease their positive emotion elicited by visual pictures once they hear the auditory instruction. Behaviorally, the self-reported rating of valence was increased and decreased in accordance with the regulatory goals. The self-reported rating of arousal and z EMG increased in the up-regulation of positive emotion but did not decrease in the down-regulation. The neuroimaging results indicated the left m PFC(medial prefrontal cortex)/ACC(anterior cingulate cortex) was more activated in the up-regulation of positive emotion compared to down-regulation. The psychophysiological interaction(PPI) results showed more prefrontal regions tobe involved in the up-regulation of positive emotion, while there was only one region to be coupled with ventral striatum(VS) in the down-regulation of positive emotion. Further ROI(region of interest) analysis revealed increased activity of VS and amygdala in up-regulation of positive emotion, but the activation of VS and amygdala has not decreased during down-regulation. The behavioral and neuroimaging results indicate that the up-regulation of positive emotion was successful while the down-regulation was failure. Therefore, the results indicate that the regulation of positive emotion is mainly for the up-regulation, which means the modulation that individuals truly performed. But the down-regulation may be a performance aimed at obtain social desirability. Accordingly, the present study threw light on the essential features of positive emotion regulation and broaden our understanding of the mechanism of emotion regulation.

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