Social and Emotional Learning in Sport and Exercise
【摘要】：The concept of social and emotional competence, which is a product of social and emotional learning(SEL), will be introduced in the context of sport and exercise. Research demonstrates that SEL promotes academic success, prevents antisocial behaviors, and enhances physical and psychological health. Sport has been proposed as an ideal context to promote personal and social developmental skills, however, few studies have examined the application of sport as an SEL platform. Social and emotional skills are not caught but need to be taught to coaches, teachers, sport instructors, and athletes through demonstration, modeling, discussions, reflections on one's experiences and practice. Mere sport and physical activity participation does not teach these skills. Even though physical education and most sport organizations have goals related to social and emotional skills, such as personal development, fair play and character education, coaches seldom seek to improve these skills by applying a specific method.Social and Emotional Learning seeks to address youth behavior by building five core competencies(i.e., self-management, self-awareness, social awareness, building positive relationships, and making healthy decisions). These competencies, in turn, should provide a foundation for better adjustment and performance as reflected in more positive social behaviors, less emotional distress, and improved success in sport and life. SEL programs also increase social and emotional development by establishing a safe and caring learning environment in which children and adults can be actively engaged in sports. The topic of SEL is critical because most youth sport organizations have social-emotional development as one of their primary goals, and they use such terms as social-emotional growth or life skills training. Examples of SEL related life skills programs and research done in the field will be introduced.