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Dynamic palaeogeographic reconstruction utilizing GPlates in deep time: A case study of the Wuchiapingian Stage of the South China Block

侯章帅  FAN Junxuan  SHEN Shuzhong  
【摘要】:As an important tool in natural resource exploration, palaeogeographical reconstruction provides a portrayal of deep time Earth. The South China Block located in the eastern Palaeotethys contains rich natural resources(e.g., coal, shale gas, bauxite, etc.) in the Permian. To better estimate and understand the palaeogeographic background during the Wuchiapingian Age, we conducted a dynamic palaeogeographic reconstruction based on the Geobiodiversity Database in the global tectonic framework via the GPlates platform. In this work, data gathered from literature amount to 431 stratigraphic sections of Wuchiapingian Stage from South China. These data were quantitatively analyzed and dynamically reconstructed in the global context under the revised plate motion model by GPlates software for the first time. A schematic 3-D model was constructed based on the high-resolution reconstructions in this work, showing two relatively large and a small oldlands developed in the South China Block during the Wuchiapingian, including the Kangdian Highland in the west, the Cathaysia Highland in the east, and a small Yunkai Highland in the south. A broad platform-dominated depositional system with small uplifts and depressions was developed between these two highlands. These reconstructions show great potential to explore coal seams and shale gas in the peripheral areas between the two large ancient highlands in the South China Block. Based on the dynamic evolution of this depositional system, South China experienced an overall sea-level rise with frequent secondary transgressions and regressions during the Wuchiapingian Age. This is in contrast to the widespread continental and evaporite deposits on most continents of Pangea and its surrounding margins after the global end-Guadalupian regression. A compilation of conodont biostratigraphic data suggests that the temporal and spatial constraints on the unconformity across the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary(GLB) resulted from the Dongwu Uplift movement in South China. This regression began during the Jinogondolella shannoni Zone and ended in the Clarkina leveni Zone, but the response time varies in different localities of South China. These results provide detailed information about sea-level eustacy, tectonic uplift, sedimentary hiatus, resource accumulation, and palaeoclimate changes from the South China Block during the Wuchiapingian Age.

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