A Cognitive-Pragmatic Approach to Metaphor:an Inquiry into Systematic Mappings and Processing Effort
【摘要】：This paper proposes that systematic mappings have relevance-enhancing role. Specifically,by explicating the inferential process of conventional metaphor and novel metaphor in Chinese, I make two theoretical claims. First, I argue that the familiarity of systematic mappings of conventional metaphor may guide the hearer to follow the routine derivation to give rise to roughly the same implicatures to save unnecessary processing effort. Second, I argue that systematic mappings of novel metaphor can direct the hearer to activate the essential contextual assumptions and allow the hearer to minimize the demanded processing effort invested to derive the intended meaning.