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Generation of selectable marker-free soft transgenic rice with transparent grains through down-regulation SSSII-2 gene

Yan liu  Zhihao Xu  Maosen Xu  Jiaqi Tang  Changquan Zhang  Qianfeng Li  Honggen Zhang  Shuzu Tang  Hengxiu Yu  Qiaoquan Liu  
【摘要】:Rice(Oryza sativa L.) provides food for more than half of the world's population. The amylose content(AC) of rice endosperm starch varies from 0 to 35%, and is associated with rice cooking and eating quality. Soft rice has low AC, generally between 6% and 15%, and its eating quality is high whether it is consumed hot or cold. However, the appearance quality of current soft rice cultivars needs to be improved, especially opaque endosperm. Conventional genetic engineering has improved some agronomic traits of soft rice varieties, but not endosperm appearance. Amylose synthesis in rice is catalyzed mainly by granulebound starch synthase I(GBSSI), encoded by the Waxy(Wx) gene. Amylopectin is catalyzed by soluble starch synthase(SSS), starch branching enzyme(SBE), and starch debranching enzyme(DBE). SSS can be divided into four subfamilies(SSSI-IV) with eight isoforms(SSSI, SSSIIa, SSSIIb, SSSIIc, SSSIIIa, SSSIIIb, SSSIVa, and SSSIVb). SSSIIb is also known as SSSII-2. In the present study, a RNAi construct of the soluble starch synthase II-2(SSSII-2) and the hygromycin phosphotransferase(HPT) gene were introduced into an elite japonica rice variety, Kangtiaowuyunjing(KWY8) by co-transformation. Several selectable markerfree(SMF) transgenic lines were obtained, and SSSII-2 expression was significantly downregulated in selected transgenic lines, resulting in lower AC of the endosperm. The physicochemical properties of the transgenic rice kernels, including gel consistency(GC) and rapid visco analyzer(RVA) profile, differed significantly from those of wild-type rice and were similar to those of a soft rice variety, Nanjing 46(NJ46). These findings indicate that the cooking, eating, and processing qualities of transgenic rice are comparable to those of NJ46. However, the transgenic rice endosperm retained a transparent appearance under lowmoisture conditions. Thus, SMF SSSII-2 RNAi rice provides a resource for breeding soft rice with transparent endosperm.

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