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Further study on the solar activity variation of daytime N_mF_2

【摘要】:正[1]The ionosonde observations in the East Asia-Australia sector are collected to further investigate the solar activity variation of daytime(0800~1600 LT) N_mF_2.The linear increase rate of N_mF_2 with F_(10.7) at lower solar activity levels is remarkably dependent on latitude,season,and local time.The rate is largest in equinoxes(with an equinoctial asymmetry) and higher in the morning(afternoon) in local winter(summer) at geomagnetic midlatitudes;particularly,the maximum rates in local winter are obviously larger than those in local summer at northern midlatitudes.In the equatorial ionization anomaly(EIA) crest regions,the rates in equinoxes and December(June) solstice are remarkably higher than those in June(December) solstice at the northern(southern) EIA crest,and the rate grows from the morning sector to the afternoon sector.The variation trend of N_mF_2 with F_(10.7) also shows latitudinal,seasonal,and local time dependences. The saturation effect dominates in all seasons in the EIA regions;at midlatitudes,N_mF_2 nearly increases linearly with F_(10.7) in local winter so that a linear fit is a good approximation for N_mF_2 modeling,while the saturation effect still dominates in other seasons.The saturation effect is more significant in the afternoon,and the strongest saturation effect appears at the EIA crest latitudes in equinox afternoon.Discussions indicate that the variations of neutral atmosphere and h_mF_2 are responsible for the seasonal and local time dependences of the linear increase rate of N_mF_2 with F_(10.7) at midlatitudes,and the seasonal variation of neutral atmosphere is the primary reason for the seasonal dependence of the variation trend of N_mF_2 with F_(10.7),while dynamics processes are the more important factors controlling the linear increase rate and the variation trend of N_mF_2 with F_(10.7) at low latitudes.Furthermore,dynamics processes are important for the saturation effect,and the fountain effect is related to the strongest saturation effect appearing at the EIA crests.

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