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Diet control on carbon isotopic composition of land snail shell carbonate

【摘要】:正Carbon isotope compositions for both the carbonate shells and soft bodies(organic tissue) of living land snails collected mostly from the Loess Plateau,China have been measured.The result shows thatδ~(13)C values range from -13.1‰to -4.3‰for the aragonite shell samples and from -26.8‰to -18.0‰for the soft body samples.Although the shells are enriched in ~(13)C relative to the bodies averagely by 14.2(±0.8)‰,the shellδ~(13)C_a values are closely correlated to the bodyδ~(13)C_(org) values,expressed asδ~(13)C_a = 1.021δ~(13)C_(org) + 14.38(R=0.965;N = 31).This relationship indicates thatδ~(13)C_a is primarily a function of the isotopic composition of the snail diets since previous studies have proved that the snail body is the same as their food in carbon isotope composition.In other words,carbon isotope composition of the carbonate shell can be used as a proxy to estimate the dietary ~(13)C abundance of the land snails.The data also support that the ~(13)C enrichment of the carbonate shells results mainly from the equilibrium fractionations between the metabolic CO_2,HCO_3~- in the hemolymph and shell aragonite,and partially from kinetic fractionations when snail shells form during their activity.

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