Ionospheric behavior of the F2 peak parameters foF2 and hmF2 at Hainan and comparisons with IRI model predictions
【摘要】：正Monthly median values of foF2,hmF2 and M(3000)F2 parameters,with hourly time interval resolution for the diurnal variation, obtained with DPS-4 digisonde observations at Hainan(19.4°N,109.0°E) are used to study the low latitude ionospheric variation behavior. The observational results are compared with the International Reference Ionospheric Model(IRI) predictions.The time period coverage of the data used for the present study is from March 2002 to February 2005.Our present study showed that:(1) In general,IRI predictions using CCIR and URSI coefficients follow well the diurnal and seasonal variation patterns of the experimental values of foF2. However,CCIR foF2 and URSI foF2 IRI predictions systematically underestimate the observed results during most time period of the day,with the percentage differenceΔfoF2(%) values changing between about -5%and -25%,whereas for a few hours around pre-sunrise, the IRI predictions generally overestimate the observational ones withΔfoF2(%) sometimes reaching as large as～30%.The agreement between the IRI results and the observational ones is better for the year 2002 than for the other years.The best agreement between the IRI results and the observational ones is obtained in summer when using URSI coefficients,with the seasonal average values ofΔfoF2(%) being within the limits of±10%.(2) In general,the IRI predicted hmF2 values using CCIR M(3000)F2 option shows a poor agreement with the observational results.However,when using the measured M(3000)F2 as input,the diurnal variation pattern of hmF2 given by IRI2001 has a much better agreement with the observational one with the detailed fine structures including the pre-sunrise and post-sunset peaks reproduced reasonably well.The agreement between the IRI predicted hmF2 values using CCIR M(30,000)F2 option and the observational ones is worst for the afternoon to post-midnight hours for the high solar activity year 2002.During daytime hours the agreement between the hmF2 values obtained with CCIR M(30,000)F2 option and the observational ones is best for summer season. The discrepancy between the observational hmF2 and that obtained with CCIR M(30,000)F2 option stem from the CCIR M(3000)F2 model,which does not produce the small scale structures observed in the measured M(3000)F2.