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室内饮用水管滞留水的消费:中国面临的一个急迫公共卫生问题(英文)

胡昌军  胡昌标  张志军  刘立亚  杨渊  
【摘要】:正[Objective]Stagnated tap water is harmful for the public especially children and adolescents,but almost no information can be obtained on its consumption in China and other developing countries.The aim of this study was to estimate the consumption behaviors of tap water stagnated in household for children and college students in China.[Mathods]Data on consumption behaviors of stagnated tap water were achieved by spot interview with questionnaire.Chi-square analysis and Mann-Whitney Test(nonparametric test)were used to tset for significance between various groups.[Results]349 college students and 398 householders with infant were un-selectedly chosen for subjects.For consumption of drinking water stagnated more than 6 hours in household pipes,50%(199/398) of the householders used it for cooking and drinking,and prepared it for gargling for their children without any running volume,but 44.7%(156/349)in the students.There was no statistical slgnificance for running time before consumption between householders and students(P>0.05).For the subjects without any running volume,percentages of cooking and drinking ware 44.2%(88/199)in the householders end 65.4%(102/156)in the students respectivaly(P<0.01),Education degree of householders didn't induce effect on running time before consumption and consumption behaviors for their infants(P>0.05).Economic status of household had Influence on running time before consumption(P<0.01)but no effect on consumption behaviors(P>0.05).[Conclusion]Stagnated tap water was universaily consumed in China.Both of householders and students had poor cognition of the risk of stagnated tap water.Efforts targeted to health education for safe consumption of stagnated tap water are needed to reduce its harm to the public in China, aspecially children and infants.

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