Forecast Analysis of Potential and Availability in Renewable Energy
【摘要】：Gulf Cooperation Council(GCC) founded on 26~(th) May 1981 is a collective of six countries or nations Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE. The GCC countries with their growing population require more energy for basic needs. Almost 99% of power generation in GCC is from oil and natural gas but as most of the countries are largely committed to the export of these commodities, now they are facing domestic shortage for power generation. The expected period of lasting oil reserves in the GCC differs between states and the countries with shorter oil production ability require urgent diversification policies. Ample availability of mainly solar and wind energy along with the capacity to invest, offers GCC significant opportunities to become a leader in the renewable energy industries. GCC has established a Centre of Excellence in Renewable Energy Research in the gulf region with a presence in each of its six states. It focuses mainly on promoting scientific and technological development in renewable energy sector, increasing public awareness, enhancing knowledge and technology transfer. This paper presents a review of potential renewable energy sources and projects in GCC.