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《2017全国植物表型组学研讨会摘要集》2017年
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Plant Phenomics for Crop Improvement and City Farming

Arjen van Tunen  
【摘要】:In order to meet the demands of the growing world population the amount of food that has to be produced in the coming years needs to increase considerably.This has to occur with limited available resources such as water,land nutrients and with reference to worldwide climate change.The most important option to increase food production levels is to use crops that have been improved and adjusted modern plant breeding.Fortunately via crop genomics and plant genetics a lot of progress has already been made and molecular breeding has resulted in increased yield,higher quality and more disease resistances for our crops.Furthermore it is anticipated that large scale use of novel biotech systems such as the use of CRISPR Casg like mutagenesis will enable a further boost of the improvement of the crops that we need for the future.A major point of attention in modern plant breeding is the actual assessment and determination of the phenotypic improvements that our biotechnologically improved crops display.For this the breeders eye is not sufficient anymore and automated,robust and digitalized phenotyping methods are a necessity.In recent years substantial progress has also been made at this level.Automated phenotyping comes along with enormous amounts of data that have to be analyzed,processed,interpreted and applied.In order to handle all these data KeyGene has designed and developed a so called Virtual Reality(VR) Breeding tool that enables a plant breeder to literally place back the crops plants into a VR Greenhouse environment in which he can walk in his breeding population to select his plants of interest.KeyGene is also interested in so called City Vertical Farming(CVF) concepts.In this presentation I will introduce the investment recently made at KeyGene to develop a new Plant Growth Accelerator building.This is now under construction.Crops can be grown here in a totally controlled environment in different layers.It is expected that CVF crops will yield more per square meter,will enable a much more stable and safer production and the distance from crop production site to the consumer will be considerably reduced.For CVF novel types of crop varieties will have to be developed that are adjusted to these new growth conditions.KeyGene has started programs to enable the development of such CVF Crops and Varieties.
【作者单位】:KeyGene
【分类号】:S33

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