Effects of Inhibitory Control on Social Cognition were Moderated by Self-other Control in Middle Adolescence
【摘要】：Self-other control(SOC) refers to the ability to distinguish and control the representations of self and other in socio-cognitive processes. Comparing with inhibitory control(IC), the ability to suppress one's own prepotent responses, SOC is likely to be a more fundamental factor in social cognition as it concerns both sides in social interaction, and is supposed to be a prerequisite for IC to work. The present study probed the interplay between SOC and IC in two different processes of social cognitions. One was the false-belief inference which was a standard measure of theory of mind(ToM), and the other was personal distress(PD), which was a component of emotional(affective) empathy. We focused on middle adolescents because their social cognition was undergoing substantial changes which could allow for stronger association with SOC and IC. Results revealed interactions between SOC and IC on both false-belief inference and PD. Specifically, IC predicted the performance of false-belief inference only when the level of SOC was higher, yet PD only when the level of SOC was lower. This implied that SOC had a top-down moderation on the functioning of IC in social cognitions, and patterns of the moderation was dependent on the form of social interaction.