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Impacts of decaying eastern and central Pacific El Ni?os on tropical cyclone activities over the western North Pacific in summer

Yuxing Yang  Ruihuang Xie  Faming Wang  Fei Huang  
【摘要】:We investigate the influences of the decaying eastern Pacific El Ni?o(EP-El Ni?o) and central Pacific El Ni?o(CP-El Ni?o) on tropical cyclone(TC) activities in the western North Pacific(WNP) during July,August and September(JAS).During this period,TC geneses and tracks are reduced in the central and eastern WNP.However,TC tracks reaching the Philippines increase,and more TC geneses appear west of 145°E during EP-El Ni?o.During CP-El Ni?o,tracks reaching the South China Sea(SCS) and southeast coast of China increase,and positive anomalies of TC genesis are found in the southern part of the central WNP and southern SCS.It is possible that the different variation of the anomalous anticyclone over east of the Philippines in the WNP induced by El Ni?os are instrumental to different TC variations in the two types of decaying El Ni?os during JAS.Compared with EP-El Ni?o,strengthening and northward expansion of the anomalous anticyclone during CP-El Ni?o cause a westward shift of the western Pacific subtropical high in summer,which is responsible for more westward TC tracks over the SCS and southeast coast of China.This northward expansion can cause the center of suppressed TC geneses in the central WNP to migrate further north during CP-El Ni?o.A decreased magnitude of vertical shear dominates the southern part of the central WNP and southern SCS,which enhances TC formation in these regions during CP-El Ni?o.

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