收藏 | 手机打开

Artificial reefs in the Mediterranean

Gianna Fabi  Alessandra Spagnolo  Carmen Ferrà Vega  
【摘要】:The Mediterranean Sea is the largest and deepest enclosed sea on Earth covering 0.7% of the world's ocean area.It is one of the major reservoirs of marine and coastal biodiversity,with 17,000 species corresponding to the 7.5% of the world's marine fauna and 18% of its marine flora and 28% of endemic species.The basin is also subjected to a strong human pressure due to a high degree of urbanisation and tourism in the coastal areas and several activities such as shipping,gas and oil extraction,fishing,and aquaculture.In this contest ARs represent a tool for protecting sensitive habitats from fishing activities; restoring depleted habitats; enhancing biodiversity improving populations of aquatic organisms by providing shelter for juvenile and mature individuals as well as for adults during delicate life stages(e.g.,moulting season for crustaceans); enhancing professional fisheries; providing a mean to manage coastal activities and reduce conflicts and,more recently,developing recreational activities(e.g.,diving and recreational fishing).Establishment of ARs in the Mediterranean Sea is regulated by international,European,regional and national laws and a few guidelines have been produced at international and national level.Three hundred and fifty-three ARs have been deployed from 1960 s to present,most of them being realized in 1990 s and 2000 s.The highest concentration of ARs is located along the Spanish coast,followed by Italy,Turkey and France.Habitat protection and fisheries enhancement have been the most common goals,however the interest towards ARs for recreational activities(i.e.,diving and recreational fishing) has been increasing over the years with the aim of promoting sustainable coastal tourism and reducing the tourists' pressure on the natural habitats.Materials and modules also evolved over time with the aim of developing multi-functional infrastructures that protect the environment while allowing for a variety of economic activities by local stakeholders.

中国期刊全文数据库 前20条
1 YANG Jian-di;;A study of Qinzhou coastal tourism culture based on the development of Beibu Gulf Economic Zone[J];Ecological Economy;2015年01期
2 庄萍萍;;Analysis of Higher Tourism and Hospitality Education in China[J];海外英语;2011年15期
3 YANG Yiqian;CHEN Xiaogang;LI Xiaoyun;;The Development Model of Tourism-Based Retirement Towns[J];Journal of Landscape Research;2018年04期
4 WANG Lei;LIU Jia-ming;WANG Ling-en;ZHU He;LIN Jing;;Tourism resource assessment and spatial analysis of wine tourism development: a case study of the eastern foothills of China's Helan Mountains[J];Journal of Mountain Science;2018年03期
5 王文彦;;Translation Strategies Study of Xinghuacun Cultural Tourism Zone for Regional Tourism Teaching[J];课程教育研究;2017年28期
6 WANG Xin-ge;;Rural households' livelihood transition induced by land use change for tourism development: A case study of Jinshitan, Dalian[J];Ecological Economy;2017年04期
7 TANG Yong;;Potentials of community-based tourism in transformations towards green economies after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in West China[J];Journal of Mountain Science;2016年09期
8 Yongde Zhong;Shengyi Shi;Shihong Li;Fen Luo;Weiliang Luo;Qiong Xiao;;Empirical research on construction of a measurement framework for tourism carbon emission in China[J];Chinese Journal of Population,Resources and Environment;2015年03期
9 Hong Tao;;Strategies of Huaian Regional Tourism Integration Development Based on Spatial Structure Optimization[J];学术界;2015年12期
10 ZHOU Rui;ZHONG Lin-sheng;LIU Jia-ming;MA Xiang-yuan;;Analysis on low-cost airlines and tourism development[J];Ecological Economy;2015年04期
11 SONG He-you;;Creative tourism and theme tourism:Connotation,relationship and integration[J];Ecological Economy;2015年04期
12 Bianfang Li;;Analysis of the efficiency of regional tourism based on DEA window technology[J];Chinese Journal of Population,Resources and Environment;2014年04期
13 Liang ZHAO;Xiangye SONG;;Analysis on Relation Measuring and Development Innovation Path of Tourism Economy in Shenyang Economic Zone[J];Asian Agricultural Research;2014年11期
14 Tianhui XIE;;Overview of Rural Tourism Development in China[J];Asian Agricultural Research;2015年01期
15 Xian Chen;;A Brief Analysis on the Landscape Design and Application in Leisure Resorts[J];校园英语;2016年31期
16 Aglah Tambo;;You're Welcome[J];ChinAfrica;2016年12期
17 ;Ningxia Seeking The Fruits of Tourism[J];Beijing Review;2017年09期
18 张茜;;Application of “Yunnan element” in the tourism souvenir design[J];校园英语;2017年06期
19 刘欣茹;;How to be an effective teacher in tourism and hospitality management?[J];校园英语;2017年01期
20 ;ECONOMY[J];Beijing Review;2017年19期
中国重要会议论文全文数据库 前10条
1 Gianna Fabi;Alessandra Spagnolo;Carmen Ferrà Vega;;Artificial reefs in the Mediterranean[A];第二届现代化海洋牧场国际学术研讨会、中国水产学会渔业资源与环境专业委员会2018年学术年会论文集[C];2018年
2 Luoyanchun;;Application of the large optimal node-driven model in tourism management[A];2013年教育技术与管理科学国际会议论文集[C];2013年
3 Bin Wen;Zhaoping Yang;;Research on Systematic thinking of the construction of urban tourism public service system: a case of Urumqi[A];2013教育技术与信息系统国际会议论文集[C];2013年
4 Qu Ru;Xu Ruonan;;The Study on the Efficiency Evaluation of Urban Tourism Based on the Method of DEA[A];第25届中国控制与决策会议论文集[C];2013年
5 ;The Rwq ole of Tourism Websites from the Perspectives of Tourism Supply Chain Coordination[A];第六届(2011)中国管理学年会——管理科学与工程分会场论文集[C];2011年
6 ;Research on Optimizing Strategies of Non-Optimal Tourism Resource Area:A Case of Yishui Tourism Phenomenon[A];Proceedings of Symposium from Cross-strait Environment & Resources and 2nd Representative Conference of Chinese Environmental Resources & Ecological Conservation Society[C];2010年
7 ;Planning of Chongming Qianwei Village's Nongjiale tourism site[A];2011年全国电子信息技术与应用学术会议论文集[C];2011年
8 ;Theoretical Discussion on Chinese Tourism Development Plan[A];第十一届全国经济管理院校工业技术学研究会论文集[C];2012年
9 GUAN Zhongmei;WANG Juan;;Study on the Tourism Development in Transformation of Resource-Based Cities-Take Jiaozuo City as an Example[A];Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Engineering and Information Management (ICEIM 2011)[C];2011年
10 CHEN Chao-qun;;Reaches on the Rural Tourism Experience Authenticity Based on the Local Dwellers, the Rural Tourists and the Rural Tourism Operators[A];Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Information Management and Engineering(ICIME 2011)[C];2011年
中国博士学位论文全文数据库 前6条
1 Dare Aurelien;[D];中国地质大学;2015年
2 KOMSIT KIEANWATANA;曼谷旅游业的发展要素及政策研究[D];重庆大学;2014年
3 Rangarirai Muzapu;[D];对外经济贸易大学;2016年
4 Bobby Gene Jones III;全球化与中国少数民族地区的发展[D];华东师范大学;2013年
5 Shariful Alam;[D];武汉理工大学;2013年
6 Ahmed Osama Haron;[D];北京林业大学;2014年
中国硕士学位论文全文数据库 前10条
1 Pornpen Detchkhajornjaroensri;基于责任旅游框架的居民感知分析[D];华中师范大学;2018年
2 陈聪颖;旅游话语中篇际互文表现的批评性体裁分析[D];华南理工大学;2018年
3 连交交;石家庄市首届旅发大会耳语同传实践报告[D];河北大学;2018年
4 欧朦熙(Benedikt Oeschlmueller);中国游客去维也纳旅游的动机[D];北京第二外国语学院;2018年
5 Nicole Garcia Minford;本地美食之旅商业计划[D];上海外国语大学;2018年
6 Ganbat Khulan;[D];山东大学;2018年
7 Nomin Amgalan;居民旅游感知与态度研究[D];华中师范大学;2018年
8 IKROMOV SANJARBEK;乌兹别克斯坦增加中国游客市场份额的条件与对策[D];华中师范大学;2018年
9 刘春子;目的论视角下乐山旅游外宣材料汉英翻译研究[D];西华大学;2018年
10 廖小锋;L公司旅游金融业务战略营销研究[D];广东外语外贸大学;2018年
中国重要报纸全文数据库 前2条
1 本报记者 陈旭;什么才是“好的旅游”[N];光明日报;2012年
2 北京联合大学旅游学院 曹芙蓉;借助“方便旅游”理念发展老年旅游[N];中国旅游报;2010年
 快捷付款方式  订购知网充值卡  订购热线  帮助中心
  • 400-819-9993
  • 010-62982499
  • 010-62783978