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《第二届现代化海洋牧场国际学术研讨会、中国水产学会渔业资源与环境专业委员会2018年学术年会论文集》2018年
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Previous Research on Artificial Reefs: Providing a Pathway to the Future

Stephen A.Bortone  
【摘要】:Artificial reefs(i.e.,objects deployed to influence aquatic resources) have many uses,with fisheries management as the presumed,paramount use.A review of past research indicates many broad and varied approaches have provided information leading to widespread use of artificial reefs.Practically,however,artificial reefs have not assumed a significant position in fisheries management because,at our current level of understanding,we lack the appropriate information to assure predictable results from artificial reef deployments.Currently,there are few standardized research protocols that allow meaningful comparisons among artificial reef studies.Also,the extraordinarily high variance among variables(both dependent and independent) in the aquatic environment,coupled with inadequate replication of study designs,inhibits adequate testing to determine casual relationships between artificial reef attributes and fishery management objectives.Also,we lack a fundamental understanding of the fish assemblage's trophic response resulting from artificial reef deployments.To facilitate the incorporation of artificial reefs into fishery management strategies,several additional avenues of research must be pursued.First,it must be determined if management should target the enhancement of entire faunal assemblages,trophic groups,or species.Achieving successful use of artificial reefs in fisheries management may require different reef deployment strategies while acquiring target-specific data.To facilitate the predictable outcome of deploying of artificial reefs in fishery management strategies,two independent approaches must be adopted.First,research plans need to overcome the study design issues to facilitate the assessment of artificial reef evaluation studies.Second,under the assumption that the addition of artificial reefs to the environment will enhance managed fisheries,investigations should identify life history characters that would be enhanced through the addition of specific artificial reef attributes.
【作者单位】:Environmental Consultant,Osprey Aquatic Sciences,LLC
【分类号】:S953.1

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