Religion, Culture and Cultural Modernization
【摘要】：So far there is no general consensus on the definition of religion, culture and cultural modernization. And here religion has been regards as a socio-cultural phenomenon and refers to an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules which used to worship God or the supernatural power; culture refers to the complex of knowledge, institution and ideas that can impacts and explains human lifestyles, and cultural modernization is an expression of the modernization phenomenon in the cultural sphere. Modernization has been a worldwide phenomenon and a profound change of human civilizations since the 18 th century. It includes not only the great change and transformation from traditional to modern politics, economy, society and culture, but also all human development and the rational protection of the natural environment at present, and meanwhile cultural diversity and religions exist across space and time. This paper discusses the definitions, changes and relationships of religion, culture and modernization from a Chinese perspective.
【作者单位】：China Center for Modernization Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences