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《Proceedings of International Conference on Literature, History, Humanities and Social Sciences (LHHSS-17);International Conference on Education, E-Governance, Law and Business (ICEELB-17)》2017年
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The Importance and Place of Family Farming in the World and in Turkey

Aysun YENER  
【摘要】:More than 3 billion people in the world live in rural area and nearly 2,5 billion work in the sector of agriculture. Enterprises which make agricultural production have the rank of family farmer. 56% of total agricultural land is operated by family farming. 85% of total agricultural area in Asian Countries, 62% in Africa, 83% in North and Central America, 68% in Europe and 18% in South American countries are run by family farming. In Turkey,23% of the population lives in rural area and live off agriculture sector. When all these factors are considered, family farming has an important place throughout the world. Therefore UN and FAO declared the year 2014 "International Year of Family Farming".Though there is not a clear definition of family farming, some countries started their study by making definition of family farming. According to the definition of FAO, disregarding gender, family farming is the vegetable, animal production, fishery and forestry activities carried out by using family labor force. According to the European Commission family farming is accepted as family corporation. In order to keep production sustainable and efficient of family farmers who conduct traditional production, official definition of family farming was done in United States of America and some Southern American countries. Size of land was defined according to income and production resources in Mexico and according to the income of household. Although there is no specific definition of family farming in Asian countries and in Turkey, agricultural family businesses have an important place in the economy of country. Therefore, structure and development of family farming was analyzed depending on the literature.

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