Motivation in Sport and Physical Activity: Theory and Research
【摘要】：Motivation is one of the most important constructs studied in psychology as it represents the ‘why' question of behaviour. Although numerous motivational theories have been proposed, with accompanying assumptions about the nature of humans and factors that motivate behaviour, no single theory has yet to claim the ability to explain motivated behaviour in its entirety(Roberts, 1992). Modern approaches are beginning to pull together different aspects of motivational research in order to understand motivated behaviour. The purpose of this presentation is to draw together recent studies on achievement motivation of young people in PE using a social cognitive approach. Specifically, I will make use of three theories: self-theories of ability(Dweck, 1999; Dweck Leggett, 1988), achievement goal theory(Dweck Leggett, 1988; Nicholls, 1984, 1989), and self-determination theory(Deci Ryan, 1985), as the underpinning framework for understanding motivation in PE context. First the definition of motivation will be outlined. Next, an overview of the three theoretical frameworks self-theories of ability, achievement goal theory, and self-determination theory will be presented. Finally, the presentation will focus on research findings related to the synthesis of theories and statistical methods in physical activity settings.