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Computer Based Training Program to Learn the Relation between Facial-Based or Situation-Based Emotions and Prosocial Behaviors

Tomohiro Takezawa  Sakiko Ogoshi  Yasuhiro Ogoshi  Yoshinori Mitsuhashi  Michio Hiratani  
【摘要】:正Many individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulty recognizing situation-based emotions in others to execute appropriate prosocial behaviors.We developed a computer-based training program to learn a correspondence relation between facial-based or situation-based emotions(i.e."joy","sad","surprise",and"disgust") and prosocial behaviors.An 8-year-old male school child with ASD participated in the study.In this program,the child trained to identify persons who needs for help and appropriate helping behaviors using novel photo based scenarios.When the child misidentified emotions from photographs of other's face,the program presented him parts of a face which were effective for emotion identification as feedback.To increase the likelihood that the child would learn a generalized repertoire of emotion understanding,multiple exemplars of emotion identification or situation understanding were trained.When the child misidentified persons who needs for help or appropriate helping behaviors,role playing led him think about state of mind of a person in need.The results of training indicated increases in prosocial behaviors in evaluative situation(i.e. cooperative activity).Child's homeroom teacher evaluated that the child understood other's state of mind or situation better than before intervention.The findings indicated generalization of facial-based or situation-based emotional tacting to the novel photo stories.

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