Parameters Estimations for Continuous-Time Stochastic Volatility Models
【摘要】：Stochastic volatility(SV) models take a very important role in financial market, while there still exist some difficulties in estimating parameters in SV models. In this paper, a unified parameter estimation algorithm is proposed to estimate continuoustime SV model. Parameters in equity prices and volatilities stochastic processes are estimated separately after orthogonalization of Brownian motion in SV models. A closed-form of Maximum Likelihood Estimation(MLE) and moment estimation results for four parameters in SV models are deducted. Five typical SV models are simulated to reveal the characteristics in empirical volatilities data. Parameter estimation results are presented to prove the convergence of estimation algorithm. We also compare our algorithm with Least Square(LS) estimations and numerical solutions of all the parameters in with MLE method, respectively.LS can only work in a specific form of SV models and the convergence speed is limited. Numerical solutions of the likelihood function with four parameters are unstable and can not converge to true values of all the parameters. Thus our algorithm works more efficiently than other methods.