The Impacts of Food Traceability System on Governance Mechanism of Group Contract Farming
【摘要】：正 This report is mainly based on the observations, interviews and documentations from Swift Co., Thailand. Three preliminary conclusions have been drawn: (1) adoptions of most traceability have redefined the nature of the contract between the company and farmers. It transformed incomplete contract to be more complete contract, and replaced the informal rules with the formal ones, thus reduced the dependence on relational contract, meanwhile it also provided a delayed right and ex post liability settlement mechanism that could efficiently prevent farmers from opportunistic behaviors, and that the monitoring costs of the companies could be minimized; (2) the group structure and social capital of group have been employed for traceability. They save the cost of implementing the traceability system; (3) a group based manual traceability system is cost effective and practical in developing countries.