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《第九届中国语音学学术会议论文集》2010年
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An Experimental InvestigationInto the F0 of High-Rising Tone Change in Cantonese

Xu Bo Robert  
【摘要】:In Cantonese,besides the six lexical tones,sometimes a non-high tone could change into a high level or high rising tone in some morphological or phonological environments.This phenomenon is refered to as tone change,or pinjam.There are two kinds of pinjam, both irregular in nature:one of them modifies the sense of the affected morphemes(pinjams),the other does not(pinjamn).Previous studies mostly focused on the historical origin and morphological functions of pinjam,in addtion to classification and distribution of pinjam in Cantonese.It has been suggested that half a century ago,the high-rising pinjam is distinctive from the canonical high-rising tone(Tone 2)in that it has a lower pitch at the beggining of the contour; however,over the years,this difference has disappeared due to a merging process.Nevertheless,a recent experimental study has found a statistically significant difference between the tone values of high- rising pinjam and canonical Tone 2 based on six speakers,which was taken as evidence for near mergers.Therefore,it is still unclear whether there is a complete merge between the high-rising pinjam and canonical Tone 2.It is also unknown whether there are differences in the F0 countours between pinjam-s and pinjam-n.Moreover,because the checked syllables in Cantonese are lengtherned when they experience tone change,it is interesting to know how their duration is affected by pinjam.In this study,eight native Hong Kong Cantonese speakers participated in a production test,in which they produced pinjam and the corresponding canonical Tone 2 syllables.The F0 values at 10 evenly-distributed points along the contours of target tones were measured.The F0 values and duration of the checked syllables were compared. Results showed that the F0 value of the high-rising pinjam and Tone 2 have been merged completely.The F 0 of pin jam-sand pin jam-nareal so indistinguishable.The changed checked syllables with long vowels could be lengtherned to as long as changed unchecked syllables.The results argue against the account of near mergers,and show that even though pinjam is related to semantic function (pinjam-s and pinjam-n)and syllable structure (checked syllables),the merge of F0 values of cannonical T2 and high-rising tone change is complete in all affected syllables.
【作者单位】:The Chinese University of Hong Kong
【分类号】:H01

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