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Crustal structure of Bohai Sea and adjacent area(North China) from two onshore-offshore wide-angle seismic survey lines

Lihua Liu  Tianyao Hao  Chuanchuan L  Qingyu You  Jun Pan  Fuyun Wang  Ya Xu  Chunlei Zhao  Jianshi Zhang  
【摘要】:In 2010 and 2011 onshore-offshore surveys along two lines in the Bohai area were carried out.This paper presents the deep structure from wide-angle seismic data along the two lines,and try to improve the reliability of deep interfaces by using of the CMP prospecting method.The result is as follows.(1) The environmental noise of records from OBSs in shallow water area is stronger than that from deep waters.(2)The CMP stacking method is potential for high-density OBS surveys.(3) The thickness of sedimentary layer in Bohai Sea and surrounding area is 3-5 km,the velocity increases with depLh from about 2 km/s at the seafloor to about 4.5 km/s on the sedimentary basement.(4) The upper crust thins toward the sea area from the land area,the middle and lower crust also vary insignificantly;the middle crust is about4 km and the lower crust is about 15 km;the velocities of the middle and lower crust shows gentle variation in vertical but obvious in lateral due to the impact of fault zones.(5) The velocity contours nearby the Tancheng-Lujiang(TLFZ) and Zhangjiakou-Penglai(ZPFZ) Fault Zones are U-shaped,where the velocity changes laterally and the interface undulates significantly;velocity disturbances exist in the crustmantle transition zone at the fault zones;the TLFZ and ZPFZ could be the upwelling channels of deep material.(6) In the eastern part of North China Craton(NCC),the Moho gently ranges at the depth of about 30 km with local rises;lithosphere thinning occurred predominantly at the top of upper mantle;the east boundary of lithosphere thinning is inferred to be on the east of Bohai Sea.

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