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《中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所第11届(2011年度)学术年会论文集(上)》 2012年
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Surface deformation related to the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake,and mountain building of the Longmen Shan,eastern Tibetan Plateau

Satoshi Okuyama  Yoshiki Ninomiya  Sarah Wright  
【摘要】:正The 12 May 2008 M_s 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake,China,was one of largest continental thrusting events worldwide.Based on interpretations of post-earthquake high-resolution remote sensing images and field surveys,we investigated the geometry,geomorphology,and kinematics of co-seismic surface ruptures,as well as seismic and geologic hazards along the Longmen Shan fold-and-thrust belt.Our results indicate that the Wenchuan earthquake occurred along the NE-SW-trending Yingxiu-Beichuan and Guanxian-Anxian faults in the Longmen Shan fold-and-thrust belt.The main surface rupture zones along the Yingxiu-Beichuan and Guanxian-Anxian fault zones are approximately 235 and 72 km in length,respectively. These sub-parallel ruptures may merge at depth.The Yingxiu-Donghekou surface rupture zone can be divided into four segments separated by discontinuities that appear as step-overs or bends in map view.Surface deformation is characterized by oblique reverse faulting with a maximum vertical displacement of approximately 10 m in areas around Beichuan County.Earthquake-related disasters(e.g., landslides) are linearly distributed along the surface rupture zones and associated river valleys. The Wenchuan earthquake provides new insights into the nature of mountain building within the Longmen Shan,eastern Tibetan Plateau.The total crustal shortening accommodated by this great earthquake was as much as 8.5 m,with a maximum vertical uplift of approximately 10 m.The present results suggest that ongoing mountain building of the Longmen Shan is driven mainly by crustal shortening and uplift related to repeated large seismic events such as the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake.Furthermore, rapid erosion within the Longmen Shan fold-and-thrust belt occurs along deep valleys and rupture zones following the occurrence of large-scale landslides triggered by earthquakes.Consequently,we suggest that crustal shortening related to repeated great seismic events,together with isostatic rebound induced by rapid erosion-related unloading,is a key component of the geodynamics that drive ongoing mountain building on the eastern Tibetan Plateau.

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