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《中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所2007学术论文汇编(第二卷)》 2008年
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Petrogenesis of Late Triassic granitoids and their enclaves with implications for post-collisional lithospheric thinning of the Liaodong Peninsula,North China Craton

Simon A.Wilde  
【摘要】:正Major and trace element,Sr-,Nd- and Hf-isotope,zircon U-Pb and Hf-isotope data are reported for mafic microgranular enclaves and host granitoids from the Xiuyan pluton in the Liaodong Peninsula of the eastern North China Craton,in order to investigate their sources,pedogenesis and tectonic implications.The zircon U-Pb age of the enclaves(211±1 Ma) is identical to that of the host granite(210±1 Ma),establishing that the mafic and felsic magmas were coeval.The enclaves have high MgO concentrations at low silica contents and positiveε_(Hf)(t) values.They are enriched in large ion lithophile and light rare earth elements and depleted in high field strength elements,which can be explained as melts derived from a depleted(asthenospheric) mantle,with some crustal contamination.The host granitoids have high SiO_2 contents,variable initial ~(87)Sr/~(86)Sr ratios and highly negativeε_(Nd)(t) andε_(Hf)(t) values,suggesting they were mainly derived from an ancient crustal source,heated by the input of asthenospheric mantle-derived magmas.Field observations,geochronology,geochemistry,Sr and Nd isotopic and zircon Hf iso topic compositions point to a complex petrogenesis,where asthenospheric mantle- and crust-derived magma mixing was coupled with crystal fractionation,thus explaining the genetic link between enclaves and host rocks.Identification of an asthenospheric mantle component in the Xiuyan granitoids suggests asthenospheric mantle upwelling and decompressional melting of the mantle,indicating that post-collisional lithospheric thinning in the Liaodong Peninsula was initiated in the Late Triassic.

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