【摘要】：Poor industrial planning and inadequate pollution management in the past have made land contamination a serious issue in China. Rapid urbanization in recent years has resulted in the need to redevelop industrial land once occupied - and contaminated - by old industries,which have helped bring the issue of the remediation and redevelopment of contaminated lands (often referred to as brownfields) to the forefront. Brownfields pose two problems:an environmental and public health risk and an obstacle to urban and local economy development as they remain unused. Both the Chinese national government and the local governments in some Chinese cities have begun to take action to control land contamination,mainly emphasizing the remediation of polluted lands for the purpose of urban development. The actions taken to date in some cities,such as Beijing and Chongqing,demonstrate the viability of such programs.