【摘要】：正This study exposes from one side the latest development of the Italian statutory law on human trafficking and from the other side my personal doubt that approaching the question only by a criminal law point of view it is really effective.I remark that true situation is going from bad to worse,statutes are more restrictive then ever but the phenomenon is still present and the demand of protection of human rights of migrants is dramatic and actual.The point,in my opinion,is more political and juridical than strictly legal. In Italy and all over Europe the law seems to fight the irregular or clandestine migration with two different options.From one side our criminal rules have been modified to increase the punishment against the persons and criminal organisations,which make profit from human trafficking and smuggling.From another side the law,even recently,has been modified to increase the punishment against the irregular or clandestine migrants,i.e.,in a great numbers of cases,against the...victims. But even if so the immigration problems is far from be solved:the undifferentiated arrest and deport of thousands peoples is an unrealistic prospective even from a simple and cynical"costs and benefits"balance.Furthermore one simple dramatic consequence of potential increasing of risks for criminal organisations trafficking in human beings is the concrete and effective increasing of costs and prices(in a very wide sense) for the migrants. In my opinion the point is to face with the phenomenon from one side increasing obviously the control on irregular immigration(and this is only possible in a wider collaboration among European Member States and International Organizations) but from the other side increasing the possibilities to enter regularly in our Countries and at the same time trying to eliminate or to contribute to eliminate in origins the real causes of the emigration. [suggest that a more favourable statutory approach to regular immigration aimed to the emersion of the exploitation and the granting of educational support will result in a diminution of the irregular immigration and a diminution of the criminal activities connected with human trafficking. The merely"punitive"approach,we should assume,is useless.In my opinion there is room and it is more efficient using"private"law in the fight against human trrafficking. I think,for instance,that rules providing for economic and tax incentives to the employers or to people renting houses and flat to foreign migrants may be more efficient inducing the emersion from clandestinity,giving also the opportunity to a real improvement of the condition of life of migrants and a concrete possibility of their stable return in the Countries of origin.