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《文明的和谐与共同繁荣:文明的普遍价值和发展趋向——北京论坛(2008)论文选集》2008年
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American and Chinese Agricultural Policy since 1949:An Overview

R.Douglas Hurt  
【摘要】:正The agricultural policies of the United States and the People's Republic of China have differed substantially given the governmental structures of each nation.During the 1930s,the U.S.federal government began a host of regulatory agricultural programs designed to improve the farm economy and lift agriculture from the Great Depression.Although many farmers participated in crop reduction and price support programs,they had little choice.The federal government did not force farmers to participate in its price support,crop reduction,and loan programs,but they felt compelled to do so in order to gain needed economic assistance,that is,money.Since the New Deal program of the 1930s,agricultural policy in the United States has been based on supply side economics,and agricultural organizations have been effective lobbyists in Congress to support their own interests.U.S. agricultural policy,however,has encouraged farmers to leave the land for employment elsewhere as well as provided price supports and other income programs primarily for large-scale farmers and agricultural corporations rather than small-scale family farmers.The intent of this policy has been to ensure for those farmers who remain on the land an income and standard of living comparable to urbanites.U.S.agricultural policy has undergone little substantial change since the early 1930s.
【作者单位】:Purdue University
【分类号】:F320;F371.2

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