【摘要】：正The great Neo-Confucian scholar,Zhu Xi,has a theory of ideal interpretation of the Four Books,and the distinguished legal philosopher,Ronald Dworkin,has a theory of ideal interpretation of Constitutions and Constitutional Law.Ⅰshall show that they are substantially similar.Zhu Xi's most important principles are:(Z-Ⅰ) Any interpretation that maintains that the text means something that is incompatible with achieving the Way must be false.(Z-Ⅱ) If one proposition of an interpretation of the Four Books is true and another proposition of an interpretation of the Four Books is true,then they both describe the same thing,either the Way or the Principle.(Z-Ⅲ) The reader has to"experience"a text personally,in such a way and until"its ideas seem to come from our own minds,"which is helpfully divided into two parts:(Z-ⅢA) One must find the meaning of the text"in ourselves"and(Z-ⅢB) The ideas in the canonical text are ideas that the impartial and unbiased self would express.(Z-Ⅳ) A reader must have an"open"or"empty"mind.(Z-Ⅴ) There is only one correct ideal interpretation.(Z-Ⅵ) A reader should understand the original meaning of the text.